Everybody knows that the game immediately ends with checkmate or stalemate, provided that the move producing it was legal (see 5.1.1, 5.2.1). The so called dead position doesn’t get nearly as much attention, but it should be quite familiar to all arbiters, because its identification can change a result of a game.

Article 5.2.2 states The game is drawn when a position has arisen in which neither player can checkmate the opponent’s king with any series of legal moves. The game is said to end in a ‘dead position’. It makes sense for this to also immediately end the game, since the ultimate goal of the game is no longer in reach for either player – the game is over.

The first position that comes to mind is two bare kings. Or that of king and knight vs. king, or king and bishop vs. king, etc. The game must end there; that is very clear to everybody. There is a slightly more complicated position seen in figure 1 (below). White is about to play c5, which leads to a dead position.

dead position 1

Figure 1: Dead position after the move c5

Even though there are many pieces on the board, it is not possible to win – to checkmate the opponent’s king – because both kings are trapped on their respective sides and the pawns cannot move, so the game ends immediately after White makes the move c5. In such cases, the players usually don’t protest and simply agree to a draw.

dead position 2

Dead position after the move Nc2+.

A problem may occur in cases such as the one in figure 2 (below). In this position, White went 48. Nc2+ which ends the game. It is no longer possible for either player to win, because the only series of legal moves is 48. … Qxc2+ 49. Kxc2 stalemate. So if, for example, White’s flag falls after the move Nc2+, it is a draw, because the game has already effectively ended. And if the arbiter observes such position it is his duty to declare a draw.

Text by: Jirina Prokopova


ECU E-Magazine June 2019 is out! June edition of the ECU E-Magazine may be read online on the following link, together with interactive videos, but also can be downloaded as a PDF file bellow.

ECU E-Magazine June 2019 can be downloaded here.

#Development FA and IO Seminars in Trieste

The European Chess Union, with the cooperation of the Italian Arbiters’ Commission on behalf of Italian Chess Federation and the FIDE Development Commission, organises a multiple-field training event specially dedicated to female participants, from 1st-7th September in the city of Trieste, Italy.

The objective of the event is to develop women’s activity in Chess as per the priorities set by the European Chess Union for the available FIDE Development Fund for Europe.

Hence, the European Chess Union hosts two Seminars: FA Seminar and IO Seminar to be held concurrently with the Trieste International Chess Festival that runs on September 01-08, 2019, in the City of Trieste, with special provisions for 40 places for female participants funded through the program. For those 40 places, will be covered full board accommodation and FIDE exam fee. Both Seminars will be held in the English language.


The seminars will be hosted in Ippodromo di Montebello, Piazza de Gasperi 4, Trieste TS – Italy c/o the Restaurant Hall. Official Hotel of the seminars will be Hotel Milano, located in Trieste, Italy.

For each Seminar 30 places are available for participants from European Federations. Among them 20 places per seminar, 40 in total are funded by the project: female participants will be granted full board accommodation, free participation, and coverage of Fide Exam fee.

The 40 free places for female participants will be selected according to the following criteria in order:

  • Federations Members: one at least places out of 40 will be granted to each federation applies.
  • Rest participants will be selected according to their chess experience & strength.
  • One female applicant may apply for one or both seminars but can be approved for one depending on the number of applications.


Applications for the seminars shall be sent on email: with a copy to, before the registration deadline Friday, July 19th.

Application form

Official invitation


General, administrative procedures, ECU Secretary General Mr. Theodoros Tsorbatzoglou:

Info on seminars and exams: ECU Arbiters’ Council Chairman Mr. Tomasz Delega :

Logistic, bookings: ECU Arbiters’ Council Councillor Mr. Marco Biagioli and ITA Arbiters’ Commission Councillor Mrs. Franca Dapiran:,

Travel Subsidy for Teams’ Captains/Trainers

By the request of the European Chess Union and approval by the FIDE Development Commission, support of 25,000 euro will be distributed to 10 European  Federations which will take part in the European Team Chess Championship 2019, in Batumi, Georgia (23rd October – 3rd November 2019).

The subsidy will amount 2500 euros for each federation application approved by the ECU and concerns the total expenses for a trainer/captain (travel, hotel expenses, and 1000 euros stipend).

For the support eligible to apply are the European Federations which are placed in the FIDE development levels 2 to 5.

ECU invites those federations, to express their interest to the European Chess Union by a letter till Friday 19th of July 2019, 16.00 CET. In the letter shall be included the name of the Trainer/Captain who shall be a licenced FIDE Trainer and if the federation will compete in open or women section or both.

If the number of requests exceeds the ten (10 x 2500 euros), ECU will select the applications with the following criteria in order:

1. Lowest development level from 5 to 2

2. The applicant federation competes also with a women team.

3. The level and experience of the proposed Captain/Trainer

Eligible European Federations to apply:

  FIDE 2 to 5 Chess development levels
1 Austria 2 Europe
2 Belgium 2 Europe
3 Bosnia and Herzegovina 2 Europe
4 Estonia 2 Europe
5 Faroe Islands 2 Europe
6 Finland 2 Europe
7 Ireland 2 Europe
8 Lithuania 2 Europe
9 Luxembourg 2 Europe
10 Moldova 2 Europe
11 Monaco 2 Europe
12 Montenegro 2 Europe
13 North Macedonia 2 Europe
14 Portugal 2 Europe
15 Scotland 2 Europe
16 Slovakia 2 Europe
17 Albania 3 Europe
18 Andorra 3 Europe
19 Kosovo 3 Europe
20 Malta 3 Europe
21 Wales 3 Europe
22 Cyprus 4 Europe
23 Guernsey 4 Europe
24 Jersey 4 Europe
25 Liechtenstein 4 Europe
26 San Marino 4 Europe

@ the Chess Global Map

ECU is pleased to announce the new web-based project is an online platform & Google maps application which presents the main Chess locations in Europe, and later in all world, (federations, museums, historical places, clubs, pubs & cafes). Through the user has the opportunity to find a location, use a GPS system to visit it and receive important information.

European Chess Union - HOME

The same time the application presents the European Chess Heritage, connecting chess places in Europe, Chess legends & Chess Olympiad venues.  Additionally, all the chess entities located in the map will have the possibility, after registering,  to create with its own control panel a mini-website giving more information to the public.

65084122_578505616010191_670871533698154496_n 65057111_354168328633284_3011401914270089216_n













The development of the project started in December 2018 and the first presentation was made during the ECU General Assembly in March 2019, in Skopje, North Macedonia. The project is still in the development phase and more locations, features are scheduled to be added as also technical improvements to be made.




Chess clubs or other entities which are not placed yet in the map may send the following information to the ECU Secretariat:


– Chess Club Name

– Chess Club Full location

– Chess Club Coordinates – not mandatory

( Find it using Google maps) and send us x and y coordinates of their location).

– Chess Club Country

– Chess Club City.

– Chess Club Logo.

– Chess Club Website Link.


The users have the opportunity through the search menu either to filter the locations by theme on the map or to go to search results and receive more infomation.



ECU logo




To: European National Chess Federations

Re: Invitation to the ECU General Assembly 2019

Dear Ladies and Sirs,

I have the pleasure to invite you to the ECU General Assembly 2019 to be held in Batumi, Georgia on Saturday 26th October 2019. 

The official venue of the ECU GA will be Batumi Hilton Hotel.

Proposals from Members to be included in the agenda for the General Assembly shall reach ECU Secretariat not later than three months, deadline 26th July 2019, before the start of the General Assembly.

The Assembly starts at 9.30 am. The full schedule and agenda will be published by the completion of the agenda.

All the information about your, travel, and accommodation for the ECU General Assembly 2019

are included in the European Teams Championship Invitation 

Contact Information:


Organising Committee:

I will be happy to welcome and meet you in Batumi,



Zurab Azmaiparashvili,

ECU President                                               Tbilisi 18.06.2019



New edition of ECU E-Magazine, the continuation of ECU monthly Newsletter, is out! May edition of ECU Digital Magazine comprises 24 pages and includes information about ECU championships and activities, as also articles for European events.

The ECU E-Magazine May 2019 can be read online together with ECU videos, or can be downloaded in pdf format below.



The European Chess Union 2nd Board meeting for 2019, took place on the 1st of June in Mamaia, Romania.


The main areas under discussion and decisions made were the following:

Funding – Sponsorship

  • ECU Board discussed proposals for partnership in sponsorships programs. A further announcement will be made in due time.
  • The program of the FIDE development fund was evaluated, and further actions were approved among them social and innovative projects.
  • In the frame of the program, the European Chess Union delivered 200 e-boards, pieces and clocks from FIDE that will be used for its championships.
  • An ECU Presentation for Sponsors will take place in Stockholm, Sweden in September 2019.


New Projects

  • ECU Board has decided to establish the annual award ceremony – “European Golden Pawn” – that will be held every year on the last Saturday of November in Monaco (Monte-Carlo). More details about the project will be announced.


European Championships-Tournaments

  • The ECU Board was informed about the bids received for the 2021 Championships by the deadline of the 31st of May 2019. The valid bids will be published on the ECU website after the confirmation of the bids fees payment.
  • The European Women’s Rapid and Blitz Championship 2020 was awarded to the Ukranian Chess Federation which had an option.
  • The invitations for the European Team Chess Championship 2019 and European Club Cup 2019 have been published.
  • The ECU Congress 2019, including the annual ECU GA, will be held from 23rd to 27th of October in Batumi, Georgia.


CIS Conference

The Conference “Education through chess”, under the patronage of the Romanian Presidency of EU Council, took place on 2nd of June in Mamaia, Romania. CIS Projects from Romania, Turkey, Poland, Israel, Hungary, Sweden, Norway, Italy were presented and discussed.

Romania logoEuropean Chess Union, awarded Mr. Alexander Kostyev (RUS), President of International School Chess Union (ISCU) with the ECU Honorary Award for the 20 years of the Union establishment & their high contribution to the development of the #Chess in School programs and championships.



In the period from 5th to 12th of May, the President of European Chess Union, Mr. Zurab Azmaiparashvili, visited Tirana, Albania, Pristina, Kosovo* and Podgorica, Montenegro with the main agenda to support promote the chess in schools programs in the area.

On 6th of May, ECU President, accompanied by the ECU Executive Director Mr. Erald Dervishi visited the Emin Duraku School in Tirana, to greet the pupils on the closing day of the “Chess Week” which included multiple events like tournaments and chess exhibitions with paintings made by the kids. “Chess in Schools and Communities” is a project recently undertaken by the Albanian Chess Federation during the months of April – May, extended to 10 elementary and middle schools, supported by the Municipality of Tirana, in partnership with the Ministry of Education for Youth and Sports, ECU and FIDE.


Day after, on 7th of May, Mr. Azmaiparashvili went to Pristina, where European Chess Union, Ministry of Culture, Youth and Sports of Kosovo* and the National Chess Federation signed  a memorandum of co-operation with main scopes:

A. Exchange of experiences and mutual support for youth-sports and chess in schools projects;
B. Joint commitment to running and organizing sports-chess competitions;
C. Intervention in sports infrastructure by offering cooperation in organizing chess competitions.
D. Promoting and sharing a culture of equal opportunities by supporting the participation of women at all levels of their sporting practice.

The agreement was signed by the ECU President Mr. Zurab Azmaiparashvili, the National Coordinator of Culture Youth and Sports Mr. Rexhep Hoti and the President of the Kosovo* Chess Federation Mr. Nysret Avdiu.


On 10th of May, Minister of Education of Montenegro, Dr. Damir Šehović, signed a Memorandum with the President of the European Chess Union , Mr. Zurab Azmaiparashvili and the President of the Chess Federation of Montenegro, Mr. Jovan Milović.

The Agreement of Cooperation signed in Podgorica, Montegro, targets to popularize chess among pupils of elementary schools, with the aim of strengthening intellectual, cultural and sports capacity, whereby schools will be provided with chess equipment and requisites for performing sports competitions in chess.


On this occasion, Minister Šehović said that the Ministry of Education supports projects that encourage the intellectual development of children, and chess is surely a sport that leads to thinking, exercise persistence and arouses self-criticism.

The Day before the signing the Agreement of Cooperation, Podgorica celebrated the “Europe Day”, 9th of May. The “Europe Day” was celebrated in Podgorica with a chess game between the Minister of Foreigner Affairs, Prof. Dr. Srđan Darmanović, and ECU President Mr. Zurab Azmaiparashvili, while the second game was played between the ECU President and Kristina Basic, Montenegro Women’s Chess Vice Champion and Captain of the Air forces.



New edition of ECU E-Magazine, the continuation of ECU monthly Newsletter, is out! April edition of ECU Digital Magazine comprises 24 pages and includes information about ECU championships and activities, as also articles for European events.

The ECU E-Magazine April 2019 can be read online together with ECU videos, or can be downloaded in pdf format below.

ECU E-Magazine April-2019